عنوان مقاله [English]
Theoretical underpinnings play a determining role in identity of sciences, especially in methodology. This is also true about humanities. Theoretical foundations of humanities can be divided into some categories amongst which are sociological-anthropological infrastructures. Yet, within sociological foundations, the view toward the nature of human-social affairs, which serve as theoretical basis, possess a determine role in methodology of humanities. Considering the angle of look toward human, society and social affairs, three dominant paradigm in humanities determine the methodology in this discipline. Contrary to them, in Islamic intellectual system, another view toward nature and identity of society and social affairs exist that, in addition to radical contrast with the mentioned paradigms, has results and implications in Islamic methodology of humanities. The current research adopts a rational analysis method and in addition to critical analysis of the triple paradigms on nature of social affairs, investigate the methodological implications of the current underpinning in humanities on the basis of Islam’s intellectual system.