عنوان مقاله [English]
As nearly all men of Islamic deep thought have said, one of the most effective principle for supporting an Islamic government is considered to be consultation. The holey Quran has mentioned the problem for several times and led people to use it in their individual and social life. The Greatest Prophet has used this principle well and when reading his biography one understands apparently that he has used consultation in different fields and has tried to prepare an appropriate culture in community for using it in individual and social life.
Muslim scholars have brought the important and essential need for consultation into consideration in detail; Imam Khomeini has paid much attention to it and regarded it to be vital for Islamic government; therefore many opportunities have been prepared for the presence of people in politico-social activities. And so is the opinion of Ayatollah Khameneyi our present leader. Seyyed Qotb has known consultation one of the most necessary needs for human life. The author of al-Monar viewed it as essential rule for government. One can argue that in the political philosophy of Islam, the most importance has been given to the presence of people in governmental activities; in such a manner they would feel responsibility for their activities.