عنوان مقاله [English]
Human Rights has special significance in today’s world because having such a right is documentation for all countries and nations by which they may revolutionize and civilize their societies. Some enlightened New Moatazelites in the country raise their voices in unison with western supporters of human rights and claim that human rights reaches beyond religion. They believe the basis and axis of human rights are people and their humanistic beliefs and they believe that religion cannot be considered the basis of human rights. Thus, they interpret religion by placing human rights in a central position. On the other hand, the present text, while critically analyzing the claims of enlightened New Moatazelites, offers firm reasons for the principle of placing God in a central position in human rights by considering the lack of chronology in law, the reaches of human rights from man’s perspective, and the completeness of the Islamic system in terms of values, world view and action; first of all, human knowledge is considered as lacking in a complete and comprehensive understanding of human rights and the genius of mind and development of rationality in man is regarded as limited and insufficient for a transcendental life; secondly, the humanistic centered claim is considered as unfounded and the basis for the ascendency of human rights is considered as being dependent on Islamic teachings and knowledge which has the ability to fulfil the needs of the present civilized society. This article examines the basis of human rights from the perspective of enlightened new moatazelites with an approach that is outside a religious context, based on a critical-analytical approach.