نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
استادیار گروه کلام , فلسفه دین مؤسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی (ره)
عنوان مقاله [English]
Explaining the nature of mental phenomena, especially consciousness, is one of the most important issues in contemporary philosophy of mind and anthropology. Western and Islamic philosophers have always explained this issue, but due to recent advances in the "cognitive sciences", including the sciences of neuroscience and artificial intelligence, the analysis of consciousness has led to various disagreements. Searle is one of the contemporary analytical philosophers who in his philosophy of mind has proposed a plan, according to his modern belief, to solve the problem of consciousness and its relation to the brain and nerve cells, calling his view "biological naturalism". According to him, which seeks both the negation of the homogeneity of consciousness and physical affairs and the avoidance of Cartesian dualism, categories such as consciousness are characteristic of the apparent surface of the brain and are the result of intracerebral processes. According to him, the causality of the internal components of the brain for awareness and the specificity of the appearance of the brain can solve the challenges of the relationship between mind and body; The present study will critically examine his point of view using analytical-critical method. On the one hand, his analysis of the causality of intracellular components is distorted, and on the other hand, the realization of consciousness in the brain is impossible. He also did not provide good evidence to substantiate his claim.