تحلیل مبانی و کارکردهای مفهوم «رهایی» و «موعودگرایی» در الهیات عمل‌گرای یهود

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید باهنرکرمان

2 دانشجوی دکترای علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

این جستار درصدد به پرسش گرفتن مبانی و اندرکنش سطوح فکری و اجتماعی الهیات یهود است. بر پایه فرضیه پژوهش، الهیات و عرفان یهود را نمیتوان جدای از ارتباط آن با بعد سیاسی - ‌اجتماعی‌اش تحلیل کرد. بر این اساس، در کنار باور یهود به اینکه قوم برگزیده خدا است، آنان معتقدند رنجهای تاریخی فراوانی (آوارگی، تبعید، کشتار، بردگی و...) گریبان‌گیر قومشان بوده‌ است. شاید از همین رو است که برخلاف سایر ادیان توحیدی که بر مفهوم رستگاری تمرکز دارند، ادبیات الهیاتی‌عرفانی یهود، از رهایی و نجات سخن میگوید. این رهایی مبتنی بر دو بُعد فردی و جمعی است. بُعد جمعی که الهیات یهود را به زندگی اجتماعی پیوند میدهد، با موعودگرایی عمل‌گرایانه در هم آمیخته است. این امر نهتنها بر انتظارِ ظهور ماشیح استوار است، که بیش از آن دربردارنده لزوم اقدام عملی برای تحقق ظهور و رهایی نهایی است. چارچوب نظری پژوهش استوار بر نظریه تحلیل گفتمان (انتقادی) به‌ویژه خوانشی است که نورمن فرکلاف از آن به ‌دست می‌دهد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analysis of the Principles and Functions of the Concepts of Emancipation and Messianism in Jewish Pragmatic Theology

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Khoshkjan 1
  • Amir rezaeipanah 2
1 Assistant Professor of Political Sciences - Shahid Bahonar University
2 Ph.D. Student of Political Sciences - Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

This article is to study the bases and the interaction of social and intellectual levels of Jewish theology. Based on the hypothesis of this research, Jewish theology and theosophy can’t be analyzed without their relation to the sociopolitical aspect. So, along with Jewish belief and claim on their being Yahweh's chosen people, they have been struggling with various problems and sufferings (straggling, expulsion, slavery, etc.). It may be for this reason that against other monotheistic religions that have concentrated on salvation, Jews theological and theosophical literature talks about emancipation and salvation. This emancipation has individual and collective dimensions. The collective dimension which links Jewish theology with social and objective life, is conjugated with pragmatic Messianism. Not only is this based on a prospect for Messiah’s advent (the redeemer messiah of the Jewish), but mostly contains serious pragmatic dimension for preparing the context for the advent and the ultimate emancipation to be realized. The theoretical and methodological framework of this study is based on the theory of (critical) discourse analysis, especially the interpretation which is provided by Norman Fairclough.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Jewish Theology
  • Emancipation
  • Redemption and Salvation
  • Kabbalah
  • Pragmatic Messianism
  • Zionism Ideology

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