نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
استادیار فلسفه مجتمع آموزش عالی شهید محلاتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper has taken into account some braking critiques of the men of divine book, ahli kitab, against Torah. In spite of the traditional view claiming the wholly divinity of Torah and its being directly or indirectly written by Moses, comprehensive and deep historical and linguistic studies on the old testament have made it clear that a large part of the book has been written in different times by different peoples. One, therefore cannot argue for its being thoroughly written by Moses. Some special parts of it, including Deuteronomy, however, really have been written by him.
Signifying to some extent the validity of the old testament, the holy Qoran has spoken of some distortions made in it more than one thousand years before this critical studies. One, therefore, can argue for the studies and take them in agreement with the view of Qoran.
This paper has investigated some cases of foretelling the appearance of the prophet of Islam in Deuteronomy. The critical studies of the men of book surely weaken the view rejecting any foretelling about Islam in Old Testament. One can take the additions and distortions as a sign for a kind of omission from it; being really so, how one can depend a view on it and claim that there has never been any prediction on islam in it?! In addition, as we know, for the followers of the old testament the problem of predictions is of vital part; so they try to extend the predictions to such an
extent that contain every event in human societies. Being such the case, how can one agree with the claim on not being any foretelling of Islam in the Old Testament?! In this way, the alternative view, namely that of Quran, has found a room to appear. The promised prophet′s qualities, being in near resemblance to those of Moses, have proved to be for the prophet of Islam.
Moreover, the mount Paran being known by the verse no. 18 of Deuteronomy as the place where the third and brightest appearance of Divine shining, is located at Mcca. Therefore the prophet of Islam is meant by the verse. In another verse, God has promised to actualize Abrahams praying on behalf of Ishmael, and the promise should be actualized. Otherwise, because of the criteria presented by the Bible itself, the authority of the verse would be destroyed.