نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشیار حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی دانشکده حقوق پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران و مربی دانشگاه پیام نور
3 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی دانشکده آزاد اسلامی واحد قم
عنوان مقاله [English]
Coronavirus disease that results from an emerging infectious virus has increased significantly and brought many lives to the death. Accordingly, analysis of the behavior of the carrier of the disease and his/her responsibilities has attracted the attention of states, communities, media, and lawyers because the transmission of the virus has serious consequences and definitive treatment is lacking. Therefore, politicians in different countries try to prevent the spread of the pandemic through forced encounters and strict measures such as penal actions. To this aim, consideration of the intent of the carrier, analysis of his behavior, and matching it with penal law is necessary. The current research is an attempt to examine the responsibility of the transmitter and compare it with other similar crimes to arrive at a comprehensive view for analyzing the behavior of the carrier and the consequences associated with it. Some notable characteristics of the virus such as fatality are also considered.