نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه نقاشی دانشکده هنر، دانشگاه الزهراء
2 استاد گروه مطالعات عالی هنر، پردیس هنرهای زیبا دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In ancient Greek’s school of thought, Man and gods enjoy common descent and are, therefore, blended and intermingled. Affinity between God and Man in Greek myths has resulted in a more facile replacement of Man with God in the evolution of thought in comparison with other cultures. This cultural leniency of Greeks resulted in gradual discharge of gods’ power and terminated the absolute domination of gods in ideologies. Then, humanizing the divine wisdom laid the groundwork for philosophy to emerge. Also, primary mythical attitudes paved the way for earliest philosophical schools of thought. The current research is an attempt to review the roots of humanism in the age of myth and reappraise the thought foundations of some great philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Thales and Sophists concerning human to show the quality of change and continuation of these concepts in the evolution of philosophy. It is concluded that the possibility of generalization of divine power to human in Greek myths paved the way for the emergence of humanism in the new age.