عنوان مقاله [English]
Among the researches in the philosophy is the study of the effect and impression of philosophers on each other. With the translation of the sixth book of the physics of Healing into Latin, Avicenna's psychology attracted the attention of scholastic philosophers. William of Auvergne is one of the philosophers who was influenced by Ibn Sina's psychology, but this influence has been neglected. Under the influence of Ibn Sina, William proposes the hypothesis of the suspended man to justify self-awareness and prove the existence of the soul and its distinction from the body, but attributes it to himself. He also mentions Ibn Sina's statement on the immateriality of the soul, but this discussion is now known as the Augustinian theory. In the discussion of the immortality of the soul, William of Auvergne has distorted Ibn Sina's theory, which believes in the individual immortality of the soul, and attributed the theory of the unity of the soul to Ibn Sina, a theory that is incompatible with the Christian concept of the afterlife, and as a result, this distortion leads to the church has opposed Ibn Sina's thought. Examining Auvergne's theory about the soul and its attributes and comparing it with Ibn Sina's opinions based on analytical-comparative method forms the structure of this research.