نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه کلام و فلسفه دین، موسسه آموزشی پژوهشی امام خمینی(ره)، قم، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری دین پژوهی،دانشگاه ادیان ومذاهب،قم،ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Freedom has attracted attention in the long run of history. A glance at the history of philosophy shows that the theory of human freedom has been long discussed. Freedom has been a critical need and a standard in the social and individual life of Man. Therefore, states build popular credibility only when they secure their relationship with freedom according to the regulations and conditions. Yet, despite the agreement on the efficiency of this concept in governments and communities, philosophers and thinkers have disputed the quality and quantity of applying freedom. Among these thinkers, Shahid Motahari and Jaspers hold valuable views on freedom. Thus, this research is intended to explain the concept of freedom and investigate this concept from the views of Shahid Motahari and Jaspers. It was revealed that both thinkers view freedom as a critical issue in human life. Also, they believe that valuable freedom is one that pertains to God. In the view of both thinkers, freedom is the point of distinction between humans and non-humans. However, Shahid Motahari believes that freedom is a path toward elevation while Jaspers stays loyal to the freedom itself and puts emphasis on it. This descriptive-analytical research is conducted through the library method.