عنوان مقاله [English]
In the Qur'an and Hadith, the self has a dual position. On the one hand, It is introduced as an enemy and suspect (It is called in this article :Self-enmity), and on the other hand, it has many positive functions and is introduced as a standard (It is called in this article : selfhoodness), and it is recommended to make the self the standard between ourselves and others. In this article, the Qur'anic and hadith evidences of the positive function of the self have been explained in an analytical way, and the name of selfhoodness has been determined for it. Then this dual position has been examined in detail. To solve this duality, the common philosophyzing is to divide the self into two aspects, positive and negative. But this way is not enough, because with this philosophyzing, selfhoodness is challenged, and in this case, the self needs a separate standard!
The best philosophyzing is that acting against the desire of the self causes it to preserve its originality. Because the self disier to go beyond its limits and act against itself. The main achievement of this research, in addition to explaining of selfhoodness, is that the Self-enmity confirm selfhoodness.